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2011造价工程师《基础理论与相关法规》讲义汇总(3)


yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local governme nt general budget revenue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pai nting, m odel cult ure create s new Ma Church communit y, creati ng Lake s ce nic s pot cult ure educati on base, re ceive d high evaluati on from provi nci al and muni cipal dis cipli ne I nspecti on Commissi on, t he people's daily s pecial r eport . Constantly promote i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr uption culture construction t o rural extends, created e stablis he d Dahl in rural i ndustry Park i nde pendent Commissi on agai nst corruption culture positi ons , formed has a s upport "servi ce low doubl e excelle nt" of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blished Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village audit s upervi sion, and villagers democratic financial, sy stem, strengtheni ng Park part y, and Chief, and fina nci al, full publi c, powerful t o guarante es ha s new r ural constr ucti on, by city rural style clean g overnment i ns pecti on unit le d of heig ht evaluati on. Through the im plementation of honest and cle an government cultural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and ca dres and consci ously reg ulated behavi or and di sci pline, honesty i n politi cs a nd cultur e to create a g ood atm osphere a nd fres h devel opment e nvironment. Alt houg h w e i n implement im plementati on inde pendent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on g uidel ine s aspects ma de ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superior of requir ements al so exists must of dista nce , main performa nce for : a is system enoug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, a nd punis hment, as pe cts long-ter m mechani sm also e nough perfect, es pe cially in e nrollme nt bid w ork regulat ory aspects al so needed stre ngthe ning; II is reg ulatory s upervi sion exists lost of Yu wide, and lost of Yu soft, inve stigation ill egal dis cipli nary ca se of efforts als o nee de d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exist s treat g ift, not to benefits not do, and mess do of phe nome non; Thre e for honest w ork is the new situations a nd new pr oblem s in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong enoug h. To solve these problems, w e will pr oce ed from the fol lowi ng five aspects of rectification, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) de epe ning the learning, e nha nce the consci ous nes s of hone sty in politics. To create event as an opportunity to Excel a nd l earni ng part y, further i ncrea sing t he gover nance ca pa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broa d mass es of party members a nd cadre s awareness, sense of res ponsi bility, sense of honor, im prove w orking a bility and level of s cientifi c devel opme nt. Shoul d make full us e of meeting s, in particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and e ducati on of the code, the i ntensive warni ng e ducati on, educati on the majority of party members a nd cadre s known fear, k ne w fear, honesty i n politics of tens ion t he stri ngs, consci ousne ss a nd e nha nci ng the im plementation of the initiative . Also, pay attenti on to a pply w hat they hav e learne d, consci ously study re sults i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

2011 造价工程师《基础理论与相关法规》讲义汇总(3)
1.工业建筑设计评价的主要方法有:多指标评价法;投资效益评价法;价值系数法; 2.民用建筑设计包括:住宅设计、公共建筑设计、住宅小区设计;住宅建筑是民用建 筑中最大量、最主要的建筑形式; 3.我国城市居民点的总体规划一般分为居住区、小区和住宅组三级布置; 4.住宅小区规划中影响工程造价的主要因素:占地面积;建筑群体的布置形式; 5.在住宅小区规划设计中节约用地的主要措施:压缩建筑间距;提高住宅层数和高低 层搭配;适当增加房屋长度;提高公共建筑的层数;合理布置道路; 6.居住小区设计方案评价指标:建筑毛密度=居住和公共建筑基底面积/居住小区占地 总面积*100%;居住建筑净密度=居住建筑基底面积/居住建筑占地面积*100%;居住面 积密度=居住面积/居住建筑占地面积;居住建筑面积密度=居住建筑面积/居住建筑占地面 积; 人口毛密度=居住人数/居住小区占地面积; 人口净密度=居住人数/居住建筑占地面积; 绿化比率=居住小区绿化面积/居住小区占地面积; 7.居住建筑净密度是衡量用地经济性和保证居住区必要卫生条件的主要技术经济指标; 居住面积密度是反映建筑布置、平面设计与用地之间关系的重要指标; 8.民用住宅建筑设计影响工程造价的因素:建筑平面形状和周长系数;住宅的层高和 净高;居住的层数与工程造价的关系;住宅单元组成、户型和住户面积;居住建筑结构的选 择; 9.民用住宅建筑设计的基本要求:民用建筑设计坚持“适用、经济、美观”的原则;平面 布置合理,长度和宽度比例适当;合理确定户型和住户面积;合理确定层数与层高;合理选 择结构方案; 10.民用建筑设计的评价指标:平面指标用来衡量平面布置的紧凑性;建筑周长指标; 建筑体积指标;面积定额指标;户型比; 11.设计方案技术经济评价主要因素:工期的比较;采用新技术的分析;产品功能的可 比性(需要可比、费用消耗可比、价格可比、时间可比); 12.通过反映建筑产品功能和耗费特点若干技术经济指标的计算、分析、比较,评价设 计方案的经济效果。可分为多指标对比法和多指标综合评分法; 13.静态投资效益评价法:投资回收期法;计算费用法; 14.优化设计的步骤:优化设计的提出;优化设计的审查和实施; 15.设计方案优化:通过优化设计进行造价控控制;运过设计招标和设计方案竞选优化 设计方案;运用价值工程优化设计方案;推广标准化设计,优化设计方案;限额设计;运用 寿命周期成本理论优化设备选型;

new meas ures to prom ote work, t he courage t o take responsibilit y, dare t o break hard t o ensure district, Gover nment deci sions a nd arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, severely punish a cts of violation. One i s to ope n the cha nnels of s upervision. Vigor ously prom ote the party affairs publi c, open, widely accepte d supervis ion by the ma sse s, pay attenti on t o so cial groups and publi c opini on supervisi on, t he powerful for ce formed to urge party members a nd lea ding cadr es pr operly exer cise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on and ins pecti on. Democratic life int o full pla y, important briefi ngs, re ports relate d t o pers onal matters a nd eval uation of ca dres ' st udy of inner-party supervis ory system, a compre he nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the impleme ntation of the i nde pendent Commis sion against corr uption-r elated case s of lea ding cadres of party member s, focus on strengt heni ng key areas of proj ect s electi on, fundi ng, officials monitor, dete ct and rectify the problem, 择 选 要 主 饮 常 日 者 费 消 经 已 求 诉 活 代 现 符 更 然 天 念 理 为 生 养 康 健 以 。 剂 加 添 成 合 工 人 何 任 含 包 不 并 , 物 植 本 草 于 源 来 均 料 原 的 用 采 promote honesty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen dis cipli nary investigati on. Seri ously the impleme ntation of JI ... Recently, the County le adi ng bodie s at the county level t o carry out "thre e trees" pra ctice , whi ch i s to im prove the governing a bility and pr omoting t he development of XX effective measur e. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, and actively partici pate i n the "thre e trees" cam pai gn. Read Gr oup, pr epare d by t he De partment i n the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constructi on of leadi ng cadres in the city rea der, read t he releva nt information, larger harvest, i ns pired. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen t he pa rty's governi ng ca pa city in que stions of the construction of meaning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party member s and ca dr es at a ll levels, we need t o further explore and ponder. T he a bility of re pelling t he name s uggests, i s aski ng party mem bers a nd cadre s at all level s in particular, leadi ng ca dres at all levels , not only ourselv es, esta blish a correct conce pt of the indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption, political integrity, self -dis cipli ne, rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmati c, honest le aders hip, and strengthe n the sense of res ponsibilit y, ear nestly impleme nt the res ponsi bility of uncorr upte d, implementati on of the ba olian a nti-corr uption meas ures to e ns ure the realizati on of bus ine ss-buil ding , construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned with their t hinki ng, experi ence and contact XX practical , on how to enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on. Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, a nd e nha nce t he sy stem of corrupti on s ince the founding of our party, have bee n thinki ng about ta ckling corruption. Currently, democratic legal system, ma nagement system and s upervi sion mecha nism is not perfect, admi nistrative acts are not very standardi zed, E nterpris e be havior a nd market be havior, corr upti on present s a divers e, pl uralistic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local governme nt general budget revenue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pai nting, m odel cult ure create s new Ma Church communit y, creati ng Lake s ce nic s pot cult ure educati on base, re ceive d high evaluati on from provi nci al and muni cipal dis cipli ne I nspecti on Commissi on, t he people's daily s pecial r eport . Constantly promote i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr uption culture construction t o rural extends, created e stablis he d Dahl in rural i ndustry Park i nde pendent Commissi on agai nst corruption culture positi ons , formed has a s upport "servi ce low doubl e excelle nt" of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blished Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village audit s upervi sion, and villagers democratic financial, sy stem, strengtheni ng Park part y, and Chief, and fina nci al, full publi c, powerful t o guar ante es ha s new r ural constr ucti on, by city rural style clean g overnment i ns pecti on unit le d of heig ht evaluati on. Through the im plementation of honest and cle an government cultural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and ca dres and consci ously reg ulated behavi or and di sci pline, honesty i n politi cs a nd cultur e to create a g ood atm osphere a nd fres h devel opment e nvironment. Alt houg h we i n implement im plementati on inde pendent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on g uidel ine s aspects ma de ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superior of requir ements al so exists must of dista nce , main performa nce for : a is system enoug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, a nd punis hment, as pe cts long-ter m mechani sm also e nough perfect, es pe cially in e nrollme nt bid w ork regulat ory aspects al so needed stre ngthe ning; II is reg ulatory s upervi sion exists lost of Yu wid e, and lost of Yu soft, inve stigation ill egal dis cipli nary ca se of efforts als o nee de d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd c adres al so different degree exist s treat gift, not to benefits not do, and mess do of phe nome non; Thre e for honest w ork is the new situations a nd new pr oblem s in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong enoug h. To solve these problems, w e will pr oce ed from the fol lowi ng five aspects of rectification, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) de epe ning the learning, e nha nce the consci ous nes s of hone sty in politics. To create event as an opportunity to Excel a nd l earni ng part y, further i ncrea sing t he gover nance ca pa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broa d mass es of party members a nd cadre s awareness, sense of res ponsi bility, sense of honor, im prove w orking a bility and level of s cientifi c devel opme nt. Shoul d make full us e of meeting s, in particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and e ducati on of the code, the i ntensive warni ng e ducati on, educati on the majority of party members a nd cadre s known fear, k ne w fear, honesty i n p olitics of tens ion t he stri ngs, consci ousne ss a nd e nha nci ng the im plementation of the initiative . Also, pay attenti on to a pply w hat they hav e learne d, consci ously study re sults i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

16.在设计阶段运用价值工程的意义:可以使建筑产品的功能更合理;可以有效地控制 工程造价;可以节约社会资源; 17.在价值工程实施价值工程的步骤:功能分析;功能评价;方案创造;方案评价; 18.价值工程在设计阶段工程造价控制中的应用:对象选择;功能分析;功能评价;分 配目标成本;方案创新及评价; 19.广泛采用标准法设计,是改进设计质量,加快实现建筑工业化的额观要求;广泛采 用标准化设计,可以提高劳动生产率,加快工程建设进度;广泛采用标准化设计,可以节约 建筑材料,降低工程造价;限额设计的全过程实际上就是建设项目投资目标管理过程,即目 标分解与计划,目标实施、目标实施检查、信息反馈的控制循环过程;这个过程包括:投资 分配(投资分配是实行限额设计的有效途径和主要方法);限额初步设计;施工图设计的造 价控制 (进行施工图设计应把握两个标准: 一个是质量标准, 一个是造价标准) ; 设计变更。 1.在设计阶段运用寿命周期成本理论的意义:能真正实现技术与经济相结合;为确定项目 合理功能水平提供依据;有助于增强项目的抗风险能力;可以使设备选择更加科学; 2.在设备选型中应用寿命周期成本评价方法的步骤:提出各项备选方案,并确定系统效 率评价指标;明确费用构成项目,并预测各项费用水平;计算各方案的经济寿命,作为分析 的计算期; 计算各方案的经济寿命期内的寿命周期成本; 计算各方案可以实现的系统效率水 平,然后与寿命周期成本相除计算费用效率,费用效率较大的方案较优; 3.采用两阶段设计的建设项目,初步设计阶段必须编制设计概算;采用三阶段设计的, 扩大初步设计阶段必须编制修正概算; 4.设计概算的作用:是编制建设项目投资计划、确定和控制建设项目投资的依据;是签 订建设工程合同和贷款合同的依据; 是控制施工图设计和施工图预算的依据; 是衡量设计方 案技术经济合理性和选择最佳设计方案的依据;是考核建设项目投资效果的依据; 5.设计概算可分为单项工程概;单项工程综合概算和建设项目总概算三级; 6.设计概算的编制原则:严格执行国家的建设方针和经济政策的原则;要完整准确的反 映设计内容的原则;要坚持结合建工程的实际,反映工程所在地当时价格水平的原则; 7.单位工程概算匠内容分为两类;建筑工程概算书和设备及安装工程概算书; 8.建筑工程概算的编制方法:概算定额法;概算指标法;类似工程预算法;设备及安装 工程概算匠编制方法:预算单价法;扩大单价法;设备价值百分比法和综合吨位指标法等; 单位工程概算投资由直接费、间接费、利润、税金组成; 9.审查设计概算的意义:有利于合理分配投资资金,加强投资计划管理,有助于合理确 定和有效控制工程造价; 有利于促进概算编制单位严格执行国家有关概算的编制规定和费用 标准,从而提高概算的编制质量;有利于促进设计的技术先进性与经济合理性;有利于核定 建设项目的投资规模;为提高项目投资的落实提供可靠的依据;

new meas ures to prom ote work, t he courage t o take responsibilit y, dare t o break hard t o ensure district, Gover nment deci sions a nd arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, severely punish a cts of violation. One i s to ope n the cha nnels of s upervision. Vigor ously prom ote the party affairs publi c, open, widely accepte d supervis ion by the ma sse s, pay attenti on t o social groups and publi c opini on supervisi on, t he powerful for ce formed to urge party m embers a nd lea ding cadr es pr operly exer cise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on and ins pecti on. Democratic life int o full pla y, important briefi ngs, re ports relate d to pers onal matters a nd eval uation of ca dres ' st udy of inner-party supervis ory system, a compre he nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the impleme ntation of the i nde pendent Commis sion against corr uption-r elated case s of lea ding cadres of party member s, focus on strengt heni ng key areas of proj ect s electi on, fundi ng, officials monitor, dete ct and rectify the problem, 择 选 要 主 饮 常 日 者 费 消 经 已 求 诉 活 代 现 符 更 然 天 念 理 为 生 养 康 健 以 。 剂 加 添 成 合 工 人 何 任 含 包 不 并 , 物 植 本 草 于 源 来 均 料 原 的 用 采 promote honesty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen dis cipli nary investigati on. Seri ously the impleme ntation of JI ... Recently, the County le adi ng bodie s at the county level t o carry out "thre e trees" pra ctice , whi ch i s to im prove the governing a bility and pr omoting t he development of XX effective measur e. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, and activel y partici pate i n the "thre e trees" cam pai gn. Read Gr oup, pr epare d by t he De partment i n the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constructi on of leadi ng cadres in the city rea der, read t he releva nt information, larger harvest, i ns pired. I thi nk t he a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen t he party's governi ng ca pa city in que stions of the construction of meaning, a n important t opic remai ns i n front of party member s and ca dres at a ll levels, we need t o further explore and ponder. T he a bility of re pelling t he name s uggests, i s aski ng party mem bers a nd cadre s at all level s in particular, leadi ng ca dres at all levels , not only ourse lv es, esta blish a correct conce pt of the indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption, political integrity, self -dis cipli ne, rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmati c, honest le aders hip, and strengthe n the sense of res ponsibilit y, ear nestly impleme nt the res ponsi bility of uncorr upte d, implementati on of the ba olian a nti-corr uption meas ures to e ns ure the realizati on of bus ine ss-buil ding , construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned with their t hinki ng, experi ence and contact XX practical , on how to enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on. Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the constructio n of the pr opulsion system, a nd e nha nce t he system of corrupti on s ince the founding of our party, have bee n thinki ng about ta ckling corruption. Currently, democratic legal system, ma nagement system and s upervi sion mecha nism is not perfect, admi nistrative acts are not very standardi zed, E nterpris e be havior a nd market be havior, corr upti on present s a divers e, pl uralistic, complex t rends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local governme nt general budget revenue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pai nting, m odel cult ure create s new Ma Church communit y, creati ng Lake s ce nic s pot cult ure educati on base, re ceive d high evaluati on from provi nci al and muni cipal dis cipli ne I nspecti on Commissi on, t he people's daily s pecial r eport . Constantly promote i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr uption culture construction t o rural extends, created e stablis he d Dahl in rural i ndustry Park i nde pendent Commissi on agai nst corruption culture positi ons , formed has a s upport "ser vi ce low doubl e excelle nt" of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blished Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village audit s upervi sion, and villagers democratic financial, sy stem, strengtheni ng Park part y, and Chief, and fina nci al, full publi c, p owerful t o guarante es ha s new r ural constr ucti on, by city rural style clean g overnment i ns pecti on unit le d of heig ht evaluati on. Through the im plementation of honest and cle an government cultural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and ca dres and consci ously reg ulated behavi or and di sci pline, honesty i n politi cs a nd cultur e to create a g ood atm osphere a nd fres h devel opment e nvironment. Alt houg h we i n implement im plementati on inde pendent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on g uidel ine s aspects ma de ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superior of requir ements al so exists must of dista nce , main performa nce for : a is system enoug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, a nd punis hment, as pe cts long -ter m mechani sm also e nough perfect, es pe cially in e nrollme nt bid w ork regulat ory aspects al so needed stre ngthe ning; II is reg ulatory s upervi sion exists lost of Yu wide, and lost of Yu soft, inve stigation ill egal dis cipli nary ca se of efforts als o nee de d strengtheni ng, individua l se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exist s treat gift, not to benefits not do, and mess do of phe nome non; Thre e for honest w ork is the new situations a nd new pr oblem s in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong enoug h. To solve these problems, w e will pr oce ed from the fol lowi ng five aspects of rectification, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) de epe ning the learning, e nha nce the consci ous nes s of hone sty in politics. To create event as an opportunity to Excel a nd l earni ng part y, further i ncrea sing t he gover nance ca pa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broa d mass es of party members a nd cadre s awareness, sense of res ponsi bility, sense of honor, im prove w orking a bility and level of s cientifi c dev el opme nt. Shoul d make full us e of meeting s, in particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and e ducati on of the code, the i ntensive warni ng e ducati on, educati on the majority of party members a nd cadre s known fear, k ne w fe ar, honesty i n politics of tens ion t he stri ngs, consci ousne ss a nd e nha nci ng the im plementation of the initiative . Also, pay attenti on to a pply w hat they hav e learne d, consci ously study re sults i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

10.设计概算的审查内容:审查设计概算的编制依据(合法性;时效性、适用范围); 审查概算编制的深度(编著制说明、编制的完整性、编制范围);审查工程概算的内容; 11.审查概算的方法:对比分析法;查询核实法;联合会审法;施工图预算的作用:是 招投标的重要基础,既是工程量清单的编制依据,也是标底编制的依据;是施工单位在施工 前组织材料、机具、设备及劳动力供应的重要参考,是施工企业编制进度计划、统计完成工 程量、进行经济核算的参考资料,是甲乙双方办理工程结算和拨付工程款的参考依据,也是 施工单位拟定降低成本措施和按照工程量清单计算的结果、编制施工预算的依据。 1.施工图预算有单位工程预算、单项工程预算和建设项目总预算;单位工程预算包括建 筑工程预算和设备安装工程预算; 2.施工图预算的编制程序:编制前的准备工作;熟悉图纸和预算定额;划分工程项目和 计算工程量;套单价;工料分析;计算主材费;按费用定额取费;计算工程造价; 3.施工图预算的编制可以采用工料单价法和综合单价法; 4.审查施工图预算的意义:有利于控制工程造价,克服和防止预算超预算;有利于加强 固定资产投资管理,节约建设资金;有利于施工承包合同价的合理确定和控制;有利于积累 和分析各项技术经济指标,提供了准确数据,进而通过有关指标的比较,找出设计中的薄弱 环节; 5.审查施工图预算的内容:审查工程量;审查设备、材料的预算价格;审查预算单价的 套用;审查有关费用项目及其计取; 6.审查施工图预算的方法:全面审查法;用标准预算审查法;分组计算审查法;对比审 查法;筛选审查法;重点抽查法;利用手册审查法;分解对比审查法; 7.我国法学界一般认为,建设工程招标是约邀请,而投标是要约,中标通知书是承诺; 我国合同法也明确规定,招标公告是要约邀请; 8.招标投标的意义:实行建设项目的招标与投标基本上形成了由市场定价的价格机制, 使工程价格更加趋于合理; 实行建设项目招标投标能够不断降低社会平均劳动消耗水平, 使 工程价格得到有效控制; 实行建设项目的招标投标便于供求双方更好地相互选择, 使工程价 格更加符合价值基础, 进而更好的控制工程造价; 实行建设项目的招标投标有利于规范价格 行为,使公开、公平、公正的原则得以贯彻;实行建设项目的招标投标能够减少交易费用, 节省人力、物力、财力,进而使工程造价有所降低; 9.我国招标投标的法律框架:1991 年 11 月 21 日,建设部、国家工商总局联合下发《建 筑市场管理规定》 明确提出加强发包管理和承包管理, 其中发包管理主要是指工程报建制度 与招标制度;建设部国家工商行政管理局一起制定了《施工合同示范文本》以指导施工合同 管理;1992 年 12 月 30 日,建设部颁发了《工程建设施工招标投标管理办法》;1994 年 12 月 6 日,建设部、国家体改委再次发出《全面深化建筑市场体制改革的意见》,强调了建筑 市场管理环境的治理,文中明确提出大力推行招标投标,强化市场竞争机制;1999 年,我 国工程招标制度面临重转折, 首先是 1999 年 3 月 15 日全国人大常委会通过了 《中华人民共 和国合同法》,并于同年 10 月 1 日起生效实施;其次是 1999 年 8 月 30 日全国人大常委会
new meas ures to prom ote work, t he courage t o take responsibilit y, dare t o break hard t o ensure district, Gover nment deci sions a nd arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, severely punish a cts of violation. One i s to ope n the cha nnels of s upervision. Vigor ously prom ote the party affairs publi c, open, widely accepte d supervis ion by the ma sse s, pay attenti on t o social groups and publi c opini on supervisi on, t he powerful for ce formed to urge party members a nd lea ding cadr es pr operly exer cise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on and ins pecti on. Democratic life int o full pla y, important briefi ngs, re ports relate d to pers onal matters a nd eval uation of ca dres ' st udy of inner-party supervis ory system, a compre he nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the impleme ntation of the i nde pendent Commis sion against corr uption-r elated case s of lea ding cadres of party member s, focus on strengt heni ng key areas of proj ect s electi on, fundi ng, officials m onitor, dete ct and rectify the problem, 择 选 要 主 饮 常 日 者 费 消 经 已 求 诉 活 代 现 符 更 然 天 念 理 为 生 养 康 健 以 。 剂 加 添 成 合 工 人 何 任 含 包 不 并 , 物 植 本 草 于 源 来 均 料 原 的 用 采 promote honesty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen dis cipli nary investigati on. Seri ously the impleme ntation of JI ... Recently, the County le adi ng bodie s at the county level t o carry out "thre e trees" pra ctice , whi ch i s to im prove the governing a bility and pr omoting t he development of XX effective measur e. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, and actively partici pate i n the "thre e trees" cam pai gn. Read Gr oup, pr epare d by t he De partment i n the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constructi on of leadi ng c adres in the city rea der, read t he releva nt information, larger harvest, i ns pired. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen t he party's governi ng ca pa city in que stions of the construction of meaning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party me mber s and ca dres at a ll levels, we need t o further explore and ponder. T he a bility of re pelling t he name s uggests, i s aski ng party mem bers a nd cadre s at all level s in particular, leadi ng ca dres at all levels , not only ourselv es, esta blish a correct conce pt of the indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption, political integrity, self -dis cipli ne, rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmati c, honest le aders hip, and strengthe n the sense of res ponsibilit y, ear nestly impleme nt the res ponsi bility of uncorr upte d, implementati on of the ba olian a nti-corr uption meas ures to e ns ure the realizati on of bus ine ss-buil ding , construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned with their t hinki ng, experi ence and contact XX practical , on how to enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on. Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, a nd e nha nce t he system of corrupti on s ince the founding of our party, have bee n thinki ng about ta ckling corruption. Currently, democratic legal system, ma nagement system and s upervi sion mecha nism is not perfect, admi nistrative acts are not very standardi zed, E nterpris e be havior a nd market be havior, corr upti on present s a divers e, pl uralistic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle be twee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local governme nt general budget revenue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pai nting, m odel cult ure create s new Ma Church communit y, creati ng Lake s ce nic s pot cult ure educati on base, re ceive d high evaluati on from provi nci al and muni cipal dis cipli ne I nspecti on Commissi on, t he people's daily s pecial r eport . Constantly promote i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr uption culture construction t o rural extends, created e stablis he d Dahl in rural i ndustry Park i nde pendent Commissi on agai nst corruption culture positi ons , formed has a s upport "servi ce low doubl e excelle nt" of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blished Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village audit s upervi sion, and villagers democratic financial, sy stem, strengtheni ng Park part y, and Chief, and fina nci al, full publi c, powerful t o guar ante es ha s new r ural constr ucti on, by city rural style clean g overnment i ns pecti on unit le d of heig ht evaluati on. Through the im plementation of honest and cle an government cultural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and ca dres and consci ously reg ulated behavi or and di sci pline, honesty i n politi cs a nd cultur e to create a g ood atm osphere a nd fres h devel opment e nvironment. Alt houg h we i n implement im plementati on inde pendent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on g uidel ine s aspects ma de ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superior of requir ements al so exists must of dista nce , main performa nce for : a is system enoug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, a nd punis hment, as pe cts long-ter m mechani sm also e nough perfect, es pe cially in e nrollme nt bid w ork regulat ory aspects al so needed stre ngthe ning; II is reg ulatory s upervi sion exists lost of Yu wid e, and lost of Yu soft, inve stigation ill egal dis cipli nary ca se of efforts als o nee de d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd c adres al so different degree exist s treat gift, not to benefits not do, and mess do of phe nome non; Thre e for honest w ork is the new situations a nd new pr oblem s in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong enoug h. To solve these problems, w e will pr oce ed from the fol lowi ng five aspects of rectification, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) de epe ning the learning, e nha nce the consci ous nes s of hone sty in politics. To create event as an opportunity to Excel a nd l earni ng part y, further i ncrea sing t he gover nance ca pa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broa d mass es of party members a nd cadre s awareness, sense of res ponsi bility, sense of honor, im prove w orking a bility and level of s cientifi c devel opme nt. Shoul d make full us e of meeting s, in particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and e ducati on of the code, the i ntensive warni ng e ducati on, educati on the majority of party members a nd cadre s known fear, k ne w fear, honesty i n p olitics of tens ion t he stri ngs, consci ousne ss a nd e nha nci ng the im plementation of the initiative . Also, pay attenti on to a pply w hat they hav e learne d, consci ously study re sults i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

通过了《中华人民共和国招投标法》,并于 2000 年 1 月 1 日起施行;2001 年 7 月 5 日,国 家计委等七部委联合发布《评标委员会和评标办法暂行规定》,其中有三个突破:关于低于 成本价的认定规定;关于中标人的确定条件;关于最低价中标;在这里第一资明确了最低价 中标的原则; 10.我国招标投标法规定,凡在中华人民共和国境内进行下列工程建设项目,包括项目 的勘察、设计、施工、监理以及与工程建设有关的重要设备、材料采购,必须进行招标:大 型基础设施、公用事业等关系社会公共利益、公众安全的项目;全部或者部分使用国有资金 投资或国家融资的项目;使用国际组织或者外国政府贷款、援助资金的项目; 11.可以不招标的项目:涉及国家安全、国家秘密或者抢险救灾而不适宜招标的;属于 利用扶贫资金实行以工代赈灾需要使农民工的; 施工主要技术采用特定的专利或者专有技术 的;施工企业自建自用的工程,且该施工企业资质等级符合工程要求的;在建工程追加的附 属小型工程或者主体加层工程,原中标人仍具备承包能力的;法律、行政法规规定的其他情 形; 12.建设工程招标的种类:建设工程项目总承包招标;建设工程勘察招标;建设工程设 计招标;建设工程施工招标;建设工程监理招标;建设工程材料设备招标; 13.建设工程招标方式:从竞争程度进行分类:公开招标、邀请招标;从招标范围进行 划分:国际招标和国内招标; 14.建设项目招标程序:招标活动的准备工作;招标公告和投标邀请书的编制与发布; 资格审查; 编制和发售招标文件; 踏堪现场与如开投标预备会; 建设项目投标; 开标、 评标、 定标;有下列情况之一的,经批准可以邀请招标:项目技术复杂或有特殊要求,只有少量几 家潜在投标人可供选择;受自然地域环境限制的;涉及国家安全、国家秘密或者抢险救灾, 适宜招标但不宜公开招标的;拟公开招标的费用与项目的价值比,不值得的;法律、法规规 定不宜公开招标的; 1.招标文件的内容:投标邀请书;投标须知;合同主要条款;投标文件格式;采用工程量清 单招标的,应提供工程量清单;技术条款;设计图纸;评标标准和方法;投标辅助材料; 2.招标文件一般发售给通过资格预审、获得投标资格的投标人;招标人对已发出的招标 文件进行必要的澄清或者修改的, 应当在招标文件要求提交投标文件截止时间至少 15 日前, 以书面形式通知所有招标文件收受人; 3.工程量清单计价招标的主要程序如下:在招标准备阶段,招标人首先编制或委托有相 应资质的工程招标代理机构和造价咨询单位编制招标文件, 包括工程量清单; 工程量清单编 制完成后,作为招标文件的一部分,发给各投标单位;投标报价完成后,投标单位在约定的 时间内提交投标文件;评标委员会根据招标文件确定的评标标准和方法进行评定标; 4.投标前的准备:投标人及其资格要求;调查研究,收集投标信息和资料;建立投标机 构;投标决策;准备相关资料; 5.投标文件应当包括以下内容: 投标函; 投标报价; 施工组织设计; 商务和技术偏差表; 响应招标文件要求的其他投标文件;
new meas ures to prom ote work, t he courage t o take responsibilit y, dare t o break hard t o ensure district, Gover nment deci sions a nd arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, severely punish a cts of violation. One i s to ope n the cha nnels of s upervision. Vigor ously prom ote the party affairs publi c, open, widely accepte d supervis ion by the ma sse s, pay attenti on t o social groups and publi c opini on supervisi on, t he powerful for ce formed to urge party m embers a nd lea ding cadr es pr operly exer cise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on and ins pecti on. Democratic life int o full pla y, important briefi ngs, re ports relate d to pers onal matters a nd eval uation of ca dres ' st udy of inner-party supervis ory system, a compre he nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the impleme ntation of the i nde pendent Commis sion against corr uption-r elated case s of lea ding cadres of party member s, focus on strengt heni ng key areas of proj ect s electi on, fundi ng, officials monitor, dete ct and rectify the problem, 择 选 要 主 饮 常 日 者 费 消 经 已 求 诉 活 代 现 符 更 然 天 念 理 为 生 养 康 健 以 。 剂 加 添 成 合 工 人 何 任 含 包 不 并 , 物 植 本 草 于 源 来 均 料 原 的 用 采 promote honesty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen dis cipli nary investigati on. Seri ously the impleme ntation of JI ... Recently, the County le adi ng bodie s at the county level t o carry out "thre e trees" pra ctice , whi ch i s to im prove the governing a bility and pr omoting t he development of XX effective measur e. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, and activel y partici pate i n the "thre e trees" cam pai gn. Read Gr oup, pr epare d by t he De partment i n the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constructi on of leadi ng cadres in the city rea der, read t he releva nt information, larger harvest, i ns pired. I thi nk t he a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen t he party's governi ng ca pa city in que stions of the construction of meaning, a n important t opic remai ns i n front of party member s and ca dres at a ll levels, we need t o further explore and ponder. T he a bility of re pelling t he name s uggests, i s aski ng party mem bers a nd cadre s at all level s in particular, leadi ng ca dres at all levels , not only ourse lv es, esta blish a correct conce pt of the indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption, political integrity, self -dis cipli ne, rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmati c, honest le aders hip, and strengthe n the sense of res ponsibilit y, ear nestly impleme nt the res ponsi bility of uncorr upte d, implementati on of the ba olian a nti-corr uption meas ures to e ns ure the realizati on of bus ine ss-buil ding , construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned with their t hinki ng, experi ence and contact XX practical , on how to enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on. Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the constructio n of the pr opulsion system, a nd e nha nce t he system of corrupti on s ince the founding of our party, have bee n thinki ng about ta ckling corruption. Currently, democratic legal system, ma nagement system and s upervi sion mecha nism is not perfect, admi nistrative acts are not very standardi zed, E nterpris e be havior a nd market be havior, corr upti on present s a divers e, pl uralistic, complex t rends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local governme nt general budget revenue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pai nting, m odel cult ure create s new Ma Church communit y, creati ng Lake s ce nic s pot cult ure educati on base, re ceive d high evaluati on from provi nci al and muni cipal dis cipli ne I nspecti on Commissi on, t he people's daily s pecial r eport . Constantly promote i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr uption culture construction t o rural extends, created e stablis he d Dahl in rural i ndustry Park i nde pendent Commissi on agai nst corruption culture positi ons , formed has a s upport "ser vi ce low doubl e excelle nt" of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blished Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village audit s upervi sion, and villagers democratic financial, sy stem, strengtheni ng Park part y, and Chief, and fina nci al, full publi c, p owerful t o guarante es ha s new r ural constr ucti on, by city rural style clean g overnment i ns pecti on unit le d of heig ht evaluati on. Through the im plementation of honest and cle an government cultural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and ca dres and consci ously reg ulated behavi or and di sci pline, honesty i n politi cs a nd cultur e to create a g ood atm osphere a nd fres h devel opment e nvironment. Alt houg h we i n implement im plementati on inde pendent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on g uidel ine s aspects ma de ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superior of requir ements al so exists must of dista nce , main performa nce for : a is system enoug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, a nd punis hment, as pe cts long -ter m mechani sm also e nough perfect, es pe cially in e nrollme nt bid w ork regulat ory aspects al so needed stre ngthe ning; II is reg ulatory s upervi sion exists lost of Yu wide, and lost of Yu soft, inve stigation ill egal dis cipli nary ca se of efforts als o nee de d strengtheni ng, individua l se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exist s treat gift, not to benefits not do, and mess do of phe nome non; Thre e for honest w ork is the new situations a nd new pr oblem s in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong enoug h. To solve these problems, w e will pr oce ed from the fol lowi ng five aspects of rectification, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) de epe ning the learning, e nha nce the consci ous nes s of hone sty in politics. To create event as an opportunity to Excel a nd l earni ng part y, further i ncrea sing t he gover nance ca pa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broa d mass es of party members a nd cadre s awareness, sense of res ponsi bility, sense of honor, im prove w orking a bility and level of s cientifi c dev el opme nt. Shoul d make full us e of meeting s, in particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and e ducati on of the code, the i ntensive warni ng e ducati on, educati on the majority of party members a nd cadre s known fear, k ne w fe ar, honesty i n politics of tens ion t he stri ngs, consci ousne ss a nd e nha nci ng the im plementation of the initiative . Also, pay attenti on to a pply w hat they hav e learne d, consci ously study re sults i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

6.施工投标文件的编制应遵循如下规定:做好编制投标文件准备工作;准确合理报价; 及时提交投标保证金; 投标人必须使用招标文件中提供的表格格式, 但表格可以按同样格式 扩展;投标文件的份数和签署;投标文件的递交; 7.联合体投标需遵循以下规定:联合体各方签定共同协议后,不得再以自已名义单独投 标, 也不得组成新的联合体参加其他联合体在同一项目中投标; 联合体参加资格预审并获得 通过的, 其组成的任何变化都必须在提交投标文件截止之日前征得招标人的同意, 或者是联 合体的资质降到资格预审文件中规定的最低标准下, 招标人有权拒绝; 联合体各方必须指定 牵头人,授权其代表所有联合体成员负责投标和合同实施阶段的主办、协调工作,并应当向 招标人提交由所有联合体成员法定代表人签署的授权书; 联合体投标的, 应当发联合体各方 或者联合体中牵头人的名义提交投标保证金; 8.下列形为均属于投标人串通投标:投标人之间相互约定抬高或压低投标价格;投标人 之间相素约定,在招标项目中分别以高、中、低价位报价;投标人之间先进行内部竞价,内 定中标人,然后再参加投标;投标人之间其他串通投标报价的行为; 9.下列形为均属于招标人与投标人串通投标:招标人在开标前开启投标文件,并将投标 情况告知其他投标人, 后者协助投标人撤换投标文件, 更改报价; 招标人向投标人泄露标底; 招标人与投标人商定,投标时压低或抬高报价,中标后再给投标人或招示人额外补偿;招标 人预先内定中标人;其他串通投标行为; 10.按照建设部有关规定,依法必须使进行施工招标的工程,招标人自行办理招标事宜 的,应当具有编制招标文件和组织评标能力:有专门的施工招标组织机构;有与工程规模、 复杂程度相适应并具有同类工程施工招标经验、 熟悉有关工程施工招标法律法规的工程技术、 概预算及工程管理的专业人员; 11.申请工程招标代理机构资格的单位应当是具备下列条件:是依法设立的中介组织; 与行政机关和其他国家机关没有行政隶属关系或者其他利益关系; 有固定的营业场所和开展 工程招标代理业务所需设施及办公条件; 有健全的组织机构和内部管理的规章制度; 具备编 制招标文件和组织评标的相应专业力量; 具有可以作为评标委员会成员人选的技术、 经济方 面的专家库,工程招标代理机构的级别:甲、乙两级;申请甲级工程招标代理机构资格、除 具备上述第 297 条规定的条件外,还应当具备下列条件:近 3 年内代理中标金额 3000 万元 以上的工程不少于 10 个,或者代理招标的工程累计金额在 8 亿元以上;具有工程建设类执 业资格或者中级以上专业技术职称的专职人员不少于 20 人,其中具有造价工程师执业资格 的人员不少于 2 人;法定代表人、技术负责人、财会人员为本单位专职人员,其中技术经济 负责人具有高级职称或者相应执业注册资格并有 10 年以上从事工程管理经验;注册资金不 少于 100 万元;申请乙级工程招标代理机构资格、除具备上述第 297 条规定的条件外,还应 当具备下列条件: 近 3 年内代理中标金额 1000 万元以上的工程不少于 10 个, 或者代理招标 的工程累计金额在 3 亿元以上; 具有工程建设类执业资格或者中级以上专业技术职称的专职 人员不少于 10 人,其中具有造价工程师执业资格的人员不少于 2 人;法定代表人、技术负 责人、 财会人员为本单位专职人员, 其中技术经济负责人具有高级职称或者相应执业注册资 格并有 7 年以上从事工程管理经验;注册资金不少于 50 万元;乙级工程招标代理机构只能

new meas ures to prom ote work, t he courage t o take responsibilit y, dare t o break hard t o ensure district, Gover nment deci sions a nd arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, severely punish a cts of violation. One i s to ope n the cha nnels of s upervision. Vigor ously prom ote the party affairs publi c, open, widely accepte d supervis ion by the ma sse s, pay attenti on t o social groups and publi c opini on supervisi on, t he powerful for ce formed to urge party members a nd lea ding cadr es pr operly exer cise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on and ins pecti on. Democratic life int o full pla y, important briefi ngs, re ports relate d to pers onal matters a nd eval uation of ca dres ' st udy of inner-party supervis ory system, a compre he nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the impleme ntation of the i nde pendent Commis sion against corr uption-r elated case s of lea ding cadres of party member s, focus on strengt heni ng key areas of proj ect s electi on, fundi ng, officials m onitor, dete ct and rectify the problem, 择 选 要 主 饮 常 日 者 费 消 经 已 求 诉 活 代 现 符 更 然 天 念 理 为 生 养 康 健 以 。 剂 加 添 成 合 工 人 何 任 含 包 不 并 , 物 植 本 草 于 源 来 均 料 原 的 用 采 promote honesty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen dis cipli nary investigati on. Seri ously the impleme ntation of JI ... Recently, the County le adi ng bodie s at the county level t o carry out "thre e trees" pra ctice , whi ch i s to im prove the governing a bility and pr omoting t he development of XX effective measur e. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, and actively partici pate i n the "thre e trees" cam pai gn. Read Gr oup, pr epare d by t he De partment i n the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constructi on of leadi ng c adres in the city rea der, read t he releva nt information, larger harvest, i ns pired. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen t he party's governi ng ca pa city in que stions of the construction of meaning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party me mber s and ca dres at a ll levels, we need t o further explore and ponder. T he a bility of re pelling t he name s uggests, i s aski ng party mem bers a nd cadre s at all level s in particular, leadi ng ca dres at all levels , not only ourselv es, esta blish a correct conce pt of the indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption, political integrity, self -dis cipli ne, rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmati c, honest le aders hip, and strengthe n the sense of res ponsibilit y, ear nestly impleme nt the res ponsi bility of uncorr upte d, implementati on of the ba olian a nti-corr uption meas ures to e ns ure the realizati on of bus ine ss-buil ding , construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned with their t hinki ng, experi ence and contact XX practical , on how to enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on. Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, a nd e nha nce t he system of corrupti on s ince the founding of our party, have bee n thinki ng about ta ckling corruption. Currently, democratic legal system, ma nagement system and s upervi sion mecha nism is not perfect, admi nistrative acts are not very standardi zed, E nterpris e be havior a nd market be havior, corr upti on present s a divers e, pl uralistic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle be twee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local governme nt general budget revenue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pai nting, m odel cult ure create s new Ma Church communit y, creati ng Lake s ce nic s pot cult ure educati on base, re ceive d high evaluati on from provi nci al and muni cipal dis cipli ne I nspecti on Commissi on, t he people's daily s pecial r eport . Constantly promote i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr uption culture construction t o rural extends, created e stablis he d Dahl in rural i ndustry Park i nde pendent Commissi on agai nst corruption culture positi ons , formed has a s upport "servi ce low doubl e excelle nt" of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blished Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village audit s upervi sion, and villagers democratic financial, sy stem, strengtheni ng Park part y, and Chief, and fina nci al, full publi c, powerful t o guar ante es ha s new r ural constr ucti on, by city rural style clean g overnment i ns pecti on unit le d of heig ht evaluati on. Through the im plementation of honest and cle an government cultural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and ca dres and consci ously reg ulated behavi or and di sci pline, honesty i n politi cs a nd cultur e to create a g ood atm osphere a nd fres h devel opment e nvironment. Alt houg h we i n implement im plementati on inde pendent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on g uidel ine s aspects ma de ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superior of requir ements al so exists must of dista nce , main performa nce for : a is system enoug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, a nd punis hment, as pe cts long-ter m mechani sm also e nough perfect, es pe cially in e nrollme nt bid w ork regulat ory aspects al so needed stre ngthe ning; II is reg ulatory s upervi sion exists lost of Yu wid e, and lost of Yu soft, inve stigation ill egal dis cipli nary ca se of efforts als o nee de d strengtheni ng, individual se ctor a nd c adres al so different degree exist s treat gift, not to benefits not do, and mess do of phe nome non; Thre e for honest w ork is the new situations a nd new pr oblem s in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong enoug h. To solve these problems, w e will pr oce ed from the fol lowi ng five aspects of rectification, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) de epe ning the learning, e nha nce the consci ous nes s of hone sty in politics. To create event as an opportunity to Excel a nd l earni ng part y, further i ncrea sing t he gover nance ca pa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broa d mass es of party members a nd cadre s awareness, sense of res ponsi bility, sense of honor, im prove w orking a bility and level of s cientifi c devel opme nt. Shoul d make full us e of meeting s, in particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and e ducati on of the code, the i ntensive warni ng e ducati on, educati on the majority of party members a nd cadre s known fear, k ne w fear, honesty i n p olitics of tens ion t he stri ngs, consci ousne ss a nd e nha nci ng the im plementation of the initiative . Also, pay attenti on to a pply w hat they hav e learne d, consci ously study re sults i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

承担工程投资额 3000 万元以下的工程招标代理业务; 人员不少于 10 人, 其中具有造价工程 师执业资格的人员不少于 2 人; 12.标段的划分应当综合考虑以下因素:招标项目的专业要求;招标项目的管理要求; 对工程投资的影响;工程各项工作的衔接; 13.招标公告和投标邀请书的内容:招标人的名称和地址;招标项目的内容、规模、资 金来源;招标项目的实施地点和工期;获取招标文件或者资格预审文件的地点和时间;对招 标文件或者资格预算文件收取的费用;对投标人的资质等级要求; 14.公开招标项目招标公告的发布:对招标公告发布的监督(国家计划委员会根据国务 院授权,按照相对集中、适度竞争、受众分布合理的原则,指定发布依法必须招标项目招标 公告的报纸、信息网络等媒介,并对招标公告发布活动进行监督);对招标人的要求(依法 必须公开招标项目的招标公告必须在指定媒介发布, 招标公告的发布应当充分公开, 任何单 位和个人不得非法限制招标公告的发布地点和发布范围);对指定媒介的要求(招标人或其 委托的招标代理机构应至少在一家媒介上发布招标公告, 指定媒介发布依法必须公开招标项 目的招标公告,不得收取费用,但发布国际招标公告除外);拟发布招标公告文本有下列情 形之一的,有关媒介可以要求招标人或其委托的招标代理机构及时予以改正、补充或调整: 字迹潦草、模糊、无法辨认的;载明的事项不符合规定的;没有招标人或其委托的招标代理 机构主要负责人签名并加盖公章的;在两家以上媒介发布的同一招标公告内容不一致的; 15.资格审查可分为资格预审和资格后审;资格预审的目的是排除那些不合格的投标人, 进而降低招标人的采购成本,提高招标工作效率。资格预审的程序是:发布资格预审公告; 发出资格预审文件;对潜在投标人资格的审查和评定;发出资格预审合格通知书; 16.资格预审的内容包括基本资格预审,专业资格预审两部分;资格预审主要审查潜在 投标人或投标人是否符合一列条件:具有独立定立合同的能力;具有履行合同的能力;没有 处于被责令停业,投标资格被取消,财产被接管、冻结、破产状态;在最近三年内没有骗取 中标和严重违约及重大工程质量问题;法律、行政法规规定的其他资格条件; 1.招标代理机构可以承揽业务范围:拟定招标方案,编制出售招标文件、资格预审文件;审 查投标人资格;编制标底;组织投标人踏勘现场;组织开标、评标,协助招标人定标;草拟 合同;招标人委托的其他事项; 2.施工投标单位应具备的条件:投标人应具备承招标项目的能力;投标人应当符合招标 文件规定的资格条件; 3.对于参加建筑设计、建筑安装以及主要设备、材料供应等投标的单位,必须具备下列 条件:具有招标条件要求的资质证书,并为独立的法人实体;承担过类似项目的相关工作, 并有良好的工作业绩和履约记录; 财产状况良好, 没有处于财产被接管、 破产或其他关、 停、 并、转状态;在最近三年没有骗取合同以及其他经济方面的严重违法行为;近几年有较好的 安全记录,投标当年没有发生重大质量和特大安全事故; 4.标底的主要作用:招标人控制建设工程投资,确定工程合同价格的参考依据;标底价 格是衡量、评审投标人投标报价是否合理的尺度和依据;

new meas ures to prom ote work, t he courage t o take responsibilit y, dare t o break hard t o ensure district, Gover nment deci sions a nd arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, severely punish a cts of violation. One i s to ope n the cha nnels of s upervision. Vigor ously prom ote the party affairs publi c, open, widely accepte d supervis ion by the ma sse s, pay attenti on t o social groups and publi c opini on supervisi on, t he powerful for ce formed to urge party m embers a nd lea ding cadr es pr operly exer cise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on and ins pecti on. Democratic life int o full pla y, important briefi ngs, re ports relate d to pers onal matters a nd eval uation of ca dres ' st udy of inner-party supervis ory system, a compre he nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the impleme ntation of the i nde pendent Commis sion against corr uption-r elated case s of lea ding cadres of party member s, focus on strengt heni ng key areas of proj ect s electi on, fundi ng, officials monitor, dete ct and rectify the problem, 择 选 要 主 饮 常 日 者 费 消 经 已 求 诉 活 代 现 符 更 然 天 念 理 为 生 养 康 健 以 。 剂 加 添 成 合 工 人 何 任 含 包 不 并 , 物 植 本 草 于 源 来 均 料 原 的 用 采 promote honesty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen dis cipli nary investigati on. Seri ously the impleme ntation of JI ... Recently, the County le adi ng bodie s at the county level t o carry out "thre e trees" pra ctice , whi ch i s to im prove the governing a bility and pr omoting t he development of XX effective measur e. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, and activel y partici pate i n the "thre e trees" cam pai gn. Read Gr oup, pr epare d by t he De partment i n the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constructi on of leadi ng cadres in the city rea der, read t he releva nt information, larger harvest, i ns pired. I thi nk t he a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen t he party's governi ng ca pa city in que stions of the construction of meaning, a n important t opic remai ns i n front of party member s and ca dres at a ll levels, we need t o further explore and ponder. T he a bility of re pelling t he name s uggests, i s aski ng party mem bers a nd cadre s at all level s in particular, leadi ng ca dres at all levels , not only ourse lv es, esta blish a correct conce pt of the indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption, political integrity, self -dis cipli ne, rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmati c, honest le aders hip, and strengthe n the sense of res ponsibilit y, ear nestly impleme nt the res ponsi bility of uncorr upte d, implementati on of the ba olian a nti-corr uption meas ures to e ns ure the realizati on of bus ine ss-buil ding , construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned with their t hinki ng, experi ence and contact XX practical , on how to enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on. Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the constructio n of the pr opulsion system, a nd e nha nce t he system of corrupti on s ince the founding of our party, have bee n thinki ng about ta ckling corruption. Currently, democratic legal system, ma nagement system and s upervi sion mecha nism is not perfect, admi nistrative acts are not very standardi zed, E nterpris e be havior a nd market be havior, corr upti on present s a divers e, pl uralistic, complex t rends, thi s shift the struggle betwee n the two, w ill accompa ny

yuan, a n increase of 17.5% ; local governme nt general budget revenue of 500 milli on Y uan, ... Pai nting, m odel cult ure create s new Ma Church communit y, creati ng Lake s ce nic s pot cult ure educati on base, re ceive d high evaluati on from provi nci al and muni cipal dis cipli ne I nspecti on Commissi on, t he people's daily s pecial r eport . Constantly promote i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corr uption culture construction t o rural extends, created e stablis he d Dahl in rural i ndustry Park i nde pendent Commissi on agai nst corruption culture positi ons , formed has a s upport "ser vi ce low doubl e excelle nt" of members lead team, constantly perfect and esta blished Park funds ass ets manageme nt, and village audit s upervi sion, and villagers democratic financial, sy stem, strengtheni ng Park part y, and Chief, and fina nci al, full publi c, p owerful t o guarante es ha s new r ural constr ucti on, by city rural style clean g overnment i ns pecti on unit le d of heig ht evaluati on. Through the im plementation of honest and cle an government cultural construction, and effectively educate the broa d masse s of party member s and ca dres and consci ously reg ulated behavi or and di sci pline, honesty i n politi cs a nd cultur e to create a g ood atm osphere a nd fres h devel opment e nvironment. Alt houg h we i n implement im plementati on inde pendent Commissi on agai nst corrupti on g uidel ine s aspects ma de ha s must effectivene ss, but away from superior of requir ements al so exists must of dista nce , main performa nce for : a is system enoug h s ound, e ducation, and supervisi on, and preventi on, a nd punis hment, as pe cts long -ter m mechani sm also e nough perfect, es pe cially in e nrollme nt bid w ork regulat ory aspects al so needed stre ngthe ning; II is reg ulatory s upervi sion exists lost of Yu wide, and lost of Yu soft, inve stigation ill egal dis cipli nary ca se of efforts als o nee de d strengtheni ng, individua l se ctor a nd cadres al so different degree exist s treat gift, not to benefits not do, and mess do of phe nome non; Thre e for honest w ork is the new situations a nd new pr oblem s in finding timely e nough, treatme nt measure s are not strong enoug h. To solve these problems, w e will pr oce ed from the fol lowi ng five aspects of rectification, make s ure to impl ement the provi sions of the code. (A) de epe ning the learning, e nha nce the consci ous nes s of hone sty in politics. To create event as an opportunity to Excel a nd l earni ng part y, further i ncrea sing t he gover nance ca pa bility and adva nce d constr ucti on, rei nforce d rule s of the broa d mass es of party members a nd cadre s awareness, sense of res ponsi bility, sense of honor, im prove w orking a bility and level of s cientifi c dev el opme nt. Shoul d make full us e of meeting s, in particular central group lear ning opport unity, further stre ngthe ning t he study and e ducati on of the code, the i ntensive warni ng e ducati on, educati on the majority of party members a nd cadre s known fear, k ne w fe ar, honesty i n politics of tens ion t he stri ngs, consci ousne ss a nd e nha nci ng the im plementation of the initiative . Also, pay attenti on to a pply w hat they hav e learne d, consci ously study re sults i nto pla nni ng work, new i deas,

5.标底的编制程序;确定标底的编制单位;收集编制资料;参加交底会及现场跳勘;编 制标底;审核标底价格; 6.施工图预算、招标标底、投标报价由成本、利润和税金构成;我国目前建设工程招标 标底的编制,主要采用定额计价和工程量清单计价来编制; 7.任何一个工程项目的投标报价都是一项系统工程,必须遵循一定的程序:投标报价前 期的调查研究,收集信息资料;工程项目方面的情况;招标人情况;投标人自身情况;竞争 对手情况 8.对是否参加投标作出决策应考虑:承包招标项目的可行性与可能性;招标项目的可靠 性;招标项目的承包条件; 9.投标报价的原则:以招标文件设定的发承包双方责任划分,作为考虑投标报价费用项 目和费用计算的基础; 根据工程发承包模式考虑投标报价的费用内容和计算深度; 以施工方 案、 技术措施等作为投标报价计算的基本条件; 以反映企业技术和管理水平的企业定额作为 计算人工、材料和机械台班消耗量的基本依据;充分利用现场考察、调研成果、市场价格信 息和行情资料,编制基价,确定调价方法;报价计算方法要科学严谨,简明适用; 10.投标报价的编制方法可分为:定额计价模式投标报价和以工程量清单模式投标报价; 11.采用工程量清单计算投标报价时,投标人填入工程量清单的单价是综合单价,包括 人工费、材料费、机械费、管理费、利润以及风险费等全部费用,将工程量与单价相乘得出 合价,将全部合价汇总得出投标总报价;分部分项工程、措施项目费和其他项目费用均采用 综合单价计价; 工程量清单计价的投标报价由分部分项工程费、 措施项目费和其他项目费用 构成; 12.投标报价的编制程序:复核和计算工程量;确定单价,计算合价;确定分包工程费; 确定利润、确定风险费;确定投标价格; 13.确定投标报价的策略:根据招标项目的不同特点采用不同报价;不平衡报价法;零 星用工单价的报价、 可供选择的项目报价、 暂定工程量的报价; 多方案报价、 增加建议方案、 分包商报价的采用、无利润报价; 14.有下列情况可以暂缓或推迟开标时间:招标文件发售后对原招标文件做了变更或者 补充;开标前发现有影响招标公正性的不正当行为;出现突发事件等; 15.招标人不予授理的投标:逾期送达的或者未送达提定地点的,未按招标文件要求密 封的;评标活动应遵循公平、公正、科学、择优的原则,招标人应当采取必要的措施,保证 评标在严格保密的情况下进行。

new meas ures to prom ote work, t he courage t o take responsibilit y, dare t o break hard t o ensure district, Gover nment deci sions a nd arrang ements to im plement. ( B) strengthe ning supervisi on, severely punish a cts of violation. One i s to ope n the cha nnels of s upervision. Vigor ously prom ote the party affairs publi c, open, widely accepte d supervis ion by the ma sse s, pay attenti on t o social groups and publi c opini on supervisi on, t he powerful for ce formed to urge party members a nd lea ding cadr es pr operly exer cise t heir powers. S econd, strong supervisi on and ins pecti on. Democratic life int o full pla y, important briefi ngs, re ports relate d to pers onal matters a nd eval uation of ca dres ' st udy of inner-party supervis ory system, a compre he nsive gras p of gui deli nes for the impleme ntation of the i nde pendent Commis sion against corr uption-r elated case s of lea ding cadres of party member s, focus on strengt heni ng key areas of proj ect s electi on, fundi ng, officials m onitor, dete ct and rectify the problem, 择 选 要 主 饮 常 日 者 费 消 经 已 求 诉 活 代 现 符 更 然 天 念 理 为 生 养 康 健 以 。 剂 加 添 成 合 工 人 何 任 含 包 不 并 , 物 植 本 草 于 源 来 均 料 原 的 用 采 promote honesty in politics. Thir d, strengt hen dis cipli nary investigati on. Seri ously the impleme ntation of JI ... Recently, the County le adi ng bodie s at the county level t o carry out "thre e trees" pra ctice , whi ch i s to im prove the governing a bility and pr omoting t he development of XX effective measur e. I carefully foll ow your de ployme nt requirements, and actively partici pate i n the "thre e trees" cam pai gn. Read Gr oup, pr epare d by t he De partment i n the near fut ure of the ide ologi cal a nd politi cal constructi on of leadi ng c adres in the city rea der, read t he releva nt information, larger harvest, i ns pired. I thi nk the a bility of repelli ng is to strengthen t he party's governi ng ca pa city in que stions of the construction of meaning, a n important topic remai ns i n front of party me mber s and ca dres at a ll levels, we need t o further explore and ponder. T he a bility of re pelling t he name s uggests, i s aski ng party mem bers a nd cadre s at all level s in particular, leadi ng ca dres at all levels , not only ourselv es, esta blish a correct conce pt of the indepe ndent Commissi on agai nst corruption, political integrity, self -dis cipli ne, rejection of corrupti on, ma de for the people, pragmati c, honest le aders hip, and strengthe n the sense of res ponsibilit y, ear nestly impleme nt the res ponsi bility of uncorr upte d, implementati on of the ba olian a nti-corr uption meas ures to e ns ure the realizati on of bus ine ss-buil ding , construction of a win-w in sit uation. Next, I combi ned with their t hinki ng, experi ence and contact XX practical , on how to enhance the a bility of repe lling, on four a spe cts of cogniti on. Irregularities, plea se comment. First, the construction of the pr opulsion system, a nd e nha nce t he system of corrupti on s ince the founding of our party, have bee n thinki ng about ta ckling corruption. Currently, democratic legal system, ma nagement system and s upervi sion mecha nism is not perfect, admi nistrative acts are not very standardi zed, E nterpris e be havior a nd market be havior, corr upti on present s a divers e, pl uralistic, complex trends, thi s shift the struggle be twee n the two, w ill accompa ny



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